Maurice Baslé : “Créer aujourd’hui du service public en France passe par un meilleur service public de la donnée.”
Un article de Maurice Baslé, professeur émérite des universités (laboratoire Crem-CNRS-université Rennes-I), est disponible sur acteurspublics.com. A l’ère du Big Data, l’article montre l’importance de la formation initiale et continue des fonctionnaires.
Authors: Josselin, Jean-Michel, Le Maux, Benoît
This book provides a self-contained presentation of the statistical tools required for evaluating public programs, as advocated by many governments, the World Bank, the European Union, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. After introducing the methodological framework of program evaluation, the first chapters are devoted to the collection, elementary description and multivariate analysis of data as well as the estimation of welfare changes. The book then successively presents the tools of ex-ante methods (financial analysis, budget planning, cost-benefit, cost-effectiveness and multi-criteria evaluation) and ex-post methods (benchmarking, experimental and quasi-experimental evaluation). The step-by-step approach and the systematic use of numerical illustrations equip readers to handle the statistics of program evaluation.
It not only offers practitioners from public administrations, consultancy firms and nongovernmental organizations the basic tools and advanced techniques used in program assessment, it is also suitable for executive management training, upper undergraduate and graduate courses, as well as for self-study.
Due: June 15, 2017
This article makes an attempt to evaluate the impact of the French fiscal decentralization on total public expenditure level. We estimate the econometric model initiated by Oates  on the 1960-2006 period, taking into account the various factors explaining government size (Wagner’s law, weaker economic growth, etc.). Our estimations results highlight three phenomena : (1) expenditure decentralization is associated with a smaller public sector ; (2) the 80’s transfer of responsibilities attenuated the negative effect of expenditure decentralization ; (3) tax revenue decentralization has a positive impact on government size. fiscal federalism, public expenditures, size of government, sub-central fiscal autonomy.
Quentin Frère was a student from the Master 2 Public Economics and Public Finance.
This article is a recent publication in the journal Public Choice from Benoît Le Maux and Yvon Rocaboy, with Timothy Goodspeed.
In this paper we propose an original model of competition for effective political power between majority and opposition coalitions. The model indicates that the electoral margin of the majority and the fragmentation of both coalitions are key variables that determine their effective political power. We estimate the model in the case of the French départements. Our econometric results support the model and show that the per capita social expenditures in the French départements depend on the effective political power of the majority.